MTT Agrifood Research Finland (MTT) is an expert body operating under the Finnish Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry with about 800 employees. MTT produces and disseminates scientific research information and develops and promotes the transfer of new technology for the agriculture and food sector. Research covers the fields of biology, technology and agricultural economics. The different domains of research take place in well-equipped laboratories and other research facilities as study fields.
MTT is responsible for providing site data and a case study in Work Package 1, and in involved in WPs 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6.
The MTT staff involved are:
Responsible for developing environmentally sound agricultural practices, mainly in terms of better surface water quality, and conducts a research group at MTT/Soils and Environment. She has initiated and is in charge of two long-term experiments on leaching fields where organic and conventional crop rotations are included. Her present international activities include COST 869 (Mitigation options for nutrient reduction in surface and groundwaters).
Research in organic plant production and soil science, cultivation of legumes, biological nitrogen fixation and contribution of different soil parameters to legumes as well as nutrient leaching and N cycling.
Ekholm, P., Turtola, E., Grönroos, J., Seuri, P. and Ylivainio, K. 2005. Phosphorus loss from different farming systems estimated from soil surface phosphorus balance. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 110, 266-278.
Knisel, W.G. and Turtola, E. 2000. Gleams model application on a heavy clay soil in Finland. Agricultural Water Management 43, 285-309.
Nykänen, A., Granstedt, A., Jauhiainen, L. and Laine, A. 2008. Residual effect of clover-rich leys on soil nitrogen and successive grain crops. Agricultural and Food Science 17, 73-87.
Nykänen, A., Granstedt, A., Laine, A. and Kunttu, S. 2000. Yields and clover contents of leys of different ages in organic farming in Finland. Biological Agriculture and Horticulture 18, 55-66.
Nykänen, A., Jauhiainen. L., Kemppainen, J. and Lindström, K. 2008. Field-scale spatial variation in soil nutrients and in yields and nitrogen fixation of clover-grass leys. Agricultural and Food Science 17, 4.
Nykänen, A., Salo, T. and Granstedt, A. 2009. Simulated cereal nitrogen uptake and soil mineral nitrogen after clover-grass leys. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems. Accepted.
Rinne, M. and, Nykänen, A. 2000. Timing of primary growth harvest affects the yield and nutritive value of timothy-red clover mixtures. Agricultural and Food Science in Finland 9, 121-134.
Salo, T. and Turtola, E. 2006. Nitrogen balance as an indicator of nitrogen leaching in Finland. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 113, 98-107.
Syväsalo, E., Regina, K., Turtola, E., Lemola, R. and Esala, M. 2006. Fluxes of nitrous oxide and methane, and nitrogen leaching from organically and conventionally cultivated sandy soil in western Finland. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 113, 342-348.
Turtola, E. and Kemppainen, E. 1998. Nitrogen and phosphorus losses in surface runoff and drainage water after application of slurry and mineral fertilizer to perennial grass ley. Agricultural and Food Science in Finland 7, 569-581.
Turtola, E., Alakukku, L., Uusitalo, R. and Kaseva, A. 2007. Surface runoff, subsurface drainflow and soil erosion as affected by tillage in a clayey Finnish soil. Agricultural and Food Science 16, 332-351.
Uusitalo, R., Turtola, E., Puustinen, M., Paasonen-Kivakäs, M. and Uusi-Kämppä, J. 2003. Contribution of particulate phosphorus to runoff phosphorus bioavailability. Journal of Environmental Quality 32, 2007-2016.